The clicker is a marker you use to communicate to your dog that it did something good, the moment it does it. It's very effective for shaping complex behaviors. Before it can be effective, you have to condition your dog to associate the sound with a reward, such as a treat, or playing with a special toy. After your dog makes the connection between the sound of the clicker and a reward, you can start using it to mark good behavior. For example, if you want to teach your dog to sit, every time your dog sat, you would immediately click and then give a reward. This encourages him to repeat the behavior (sitting) in order to get a reward. When he is consistently sitting, you introduce the cue word/command "sit", and only click him when he sits when you say "sit". Gradually, you increase the time he has to stay sitting before he gets a click and a reward.
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